What should I feed my Pomeranian?

by Lisa
How to Trim a Pomeranian

Pomeranians, with their vibrant personalities and distinctive fluff, are adored for their small size and big hearts. To ensure the well-being of these charming companions, understanding their unique feeding requirements and health care tips is paramount. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the intricacies of Pomeranian nutrition and care, covering everything from the importance of quality food to determining the right amount of food and exploring home-made options.

Understanding the Feeding Requirements of Pomeranians

Pomeranians, despite their diminutive stature, have specific nutritional needs that vary at different stages of their lives. Understanding these requirements is fundamental to providing optimal care.


Protein-Rich Diet: Pomeranians, like many small breeds, benefit from a diet rich in high-quality protein. Look for dog food formulations with meat as the primary ingredient to support their energy levels and maintain muscle mass.


Balanced Nutrition: Ensure that your Pomeranian’s diet includes a balanced mix of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. The right balance contributes to overall health, coat condition, and immune system function.


Small Kibble Size: Pomeranians have small mouths, and choosing dog food with appropriately sized kibble ensures they can comfortably chew and digest their meals.


Avoid Overfeeding: Despite their petite size, Pomeranians are prone to obesity. Avoid overfeeding and monitor their weight regularly to maintain a healthy body condition.

Importance of Quality Food for Pomeranians

Investing in high-quality dog food is a cornerstone of Pomeranian care. The benefits of providing premium food extend beyond mere sustenance.

Nutrient Absorption: Quality dog food is designed for optimal nutrient absorption, ensuring that your Pomeranian receives the essential vitamins and minerals needed for vitality.

Digestive Health: High-quality dog food often contains easily digestible ingredients, promoting healthy digestion and minimizing the risk of gastrointestinal issues.

Coat and Skin Health: Pomeranians are known for their luxurious coats. Quality dog food with balanced fats contributes to a shiny coat and healthy skin.

Dental Health: Some formulations include ingredients that support dental health, crucial for small breeds prone to dental issues. Chewing dry kibble can also contribute to dental hygiene.

Determining the Right Amount of Food

Determining the right amount of food for your Pomeranian involves careful consideration of factors such as age, weight, activity level, and metabolism.

Feeding Guidelines: Follow the feeding guidelines provided by the chosen dog food brand. These guidelines consider the calorie content of the food and are a good starting point for portion control.

Adjusting for Age: Puppies, adult Pomeranians, and seniors have different nutritional needs. Adjust portion sizes based on your Pomeranian’s life stage and consult with your veterinarian for guidance.

Monitoring Weight: Regularly monitor your Pomeranian’s weight and body condition. Adjust portion sizes accordingly to maintain a healthy weight and prevent obesity.

Calorie Needs: The calorie needs of Pomeranians vary. Puppies and active adults may require more calories, while seniors may benefit from a reduced-calorie diet. Consult with your veterinarian for personalized recommendations.

Calorie Needs

Understanding the calorie needs of your Pomeranian is crucial for maintaining their energy levels and preventing weight issues.

Puppy Caloric Needs: Pomeranian puppies, with their boundless energy, have higher caloric needs to support growth and development. Choose puppy food formulated for small breeds to meet these requirements.

Adult Caloric Needs: Adult Pomeranians generally have lower caloric needs than puppies. Adjust portion sizes based on factors such as weight, activity level, and metabolism.

Senior Caloric Needs: Senior Pomeranians may have reduced activity levels and, consequently, lower caloric needs. Choosing a senior dog food formulation and adjusting portion sizes helps prevent excess weight gain.

Consulting with Your Veterinarian: For precise caloric recommendations, consult with your veterinarian. They can assess your Pomeranian’s individual needs and provide guidance on portion sizes and dietary choices.

Meal Frequency

Establishing a consistent feeding schedule is essential for Pomeranians. Small, frequent meals are often beneficial for their digestive systems.

Puppy Feeding Schedule: Pomeranian puppies may benefit from three to four small meals per day to accommodate their smaller stomachs and higher energy levels.

Adult Feeding Schedule: Adult Pomeranians generally thrive on two meals per day. Consistency in meal timing helps regulate their metabolism and prevents overeating.

Senior Feeding Schedule: Senior Pomeranians may benefit from smaller, more frequent meals to accommodate potential changes in digestion and metabolism.

Avoid Free Feeding: While free feeding, where food is available at all times, may be convenient, it can contribute to overeating and weight gain. Establishing a regular feeding schedule promotes healthy eating habits.

Home-Made Food for Pomeranians

For owners who prefer a more hands-on approach, home-made meals can be an option, but it requires careful planning to ensure balanced nutrition.

Balanced Ingredients: Include a mix of lean proteins, healthy fats, and carbohydrates in homemade meals. Consult with your veterinarian or a canine nutritionist to ensure all essential nutrients are present.

Avoiding Harmful Foods: Some human foods are toxic to dogs. Avoid ingredients such as onions, garlic, chocolate, and certain fruits. Consult with your veterinarian if you have questions about specific foods.

Supplementation: Depending on the ingredients used, supplementation may be necessary to ensure your Pomeranian receives all the required nutrients.

Consult with Your Veterinarian: Before transitioning to homemade meals, consult with your veterinarian to create a nutritionally complete and balanced diet tailored to your Pomeranian’s needs.

Avoid Food

Certain foods can be harmful or toxic to Pomeranians and should be strictly avoided to ensure their safety and well-being.

Chocolate: Contains theobromine, which can be toxic to dogs and may lead to various health issues.

Grapes and Raisins: Can cause kidney failure in dogs, even in small amounts.

Onions and Garlic: Both contain compounds that can damage a dog’s red blood cells, leading to anemia.

Xylitol: Found in sugar-free products, xylitol is highly toxic to dogs and can cause rapid insulin release, leading to hypoglycemia.

Caffeine: Found in coffee, tea, and certain medications, caffeine can be harmful to dogs and may cause restlessness, rapid breathing, and heart palpitations.

Be vigilant about checking ingredient lists, especially when offering homemade treats or sharing food from your plate.


In conclusion, Pomeranian feeding and health care tips are integral to the well-being of these small but spirited companions. From understanding their feeding requirements to the importance of quality food, determining the right amount of food, and exploring homemade options, every aspect contributes to their health and happiness.

By following these tips, consulting with your veterinarian, and staying attuned to your Pomeranian’s individual needs, you embark on a journey that nurtures a healthy, vibrant, and enduring bond with your Pomeranian companion. Through thoughtful care and informed choices, you ensure that your pint-sized friend enjoys a life filled with vitality, joy, and the extraordinary connection shared with these beloved members of the family.


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