What is the Best Food for Pomeranian Dogs?

by Lisa
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Pomeranians are small but highly energetic dogs that require a diet tailored to their specific needs. Their high metabolic rate means they burn calories quickly, necessitating a nutrient-dense diet to maintain their energy levels and overall health. Understanding their unique nutritional requirements is the first step toward selecting the best food for Pomeranian dogs.

Caloric Requirements

Due to their small size and high energy levels, Pomeranians need a diet rich in calories. However, overfeeding can lead to obesity, which poses serious health risks. The average adult Pomeranian, weighing between 3 to 7 pounds, typically requires around 300 to 400 calories per day. Puppies and particularly active Pomeranians may need more, while older or less active dogs may need fewer calories.


Macronutrient Balance

  • Proteins: Essential for muscle maintenance and repair, proteins should constitute a significant portion of a Pomeranian’s diet. Look for high-quality animal proteins such as chicken, turkey, beef, or fish.
  • Fats: Fats provide a concentrated source of energy and are crucial for healthy skin and coat. Essential fatty acids, particularly Omega-3 and Omega-6, are vital.
  • Carbohydrates: While not as critical as proteins and fats, carbohydrates provide energy and aid in digestive health. Opt for complex carbohydrates such as sweet potatoes, brown rice, or oats.

Vitamins and Minerals

Pomeranians require a balanced intake of vitamins and minerals to support their overall health. Key nutrients include:

  • Calcium and Phosphorus: Essential for bone health.
  • Vitamin A: Important for vision and immune function.
  • Vitamin E: Acts as an antioxidant.
  • B Vitamins: Support metabolic processes.
  • Zinc and Selenium: Important for skin and coat health.


Adequate hydration is crucial for all dogs, including Pomeranians. Ensure fresh water is always available, and consider incorporating wet food into their diet to help maintain hydration levels.


Types of Dog Food for Pomeranians

Dry Kibble

Dry kibble is a popular choice for many dog owners due to its convenience, cost-effectiveness, and long shelf life. When selecting dry kibble for a Pomeranian, look for:

  • Small-sized Kibble: Suitable for their small mouths and teeth.
  • High-Quality Ingredients: Avoid fillers such as corn and soy, and prioritize meat as the first ingredient.
  • Nutrient-Dense Formulation: Ensure it meets the AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials) standards for a balanced diet.

Wet Food

Wet food can be more palatable for Pomeranians and provide additional hydration. Key considerations include:

  • Protein-Rich Formulations: Ensure a high percentage of meat content.
  • Low in Fillers: Avoid unnecessary fillers and artificial additives.
  • Rotating Diet: Consider mixing wet food with dry kibble to provide variety and prevent boredom.

Raw Diet

A raw diet, often referred to as BARF (Biologically Appropriate Raw Food), includes uncooked meats, bones, and vegetables. Proponents argue that it closely mimics a dog’s natural diet. However, there are important considerations:

  • Balanced Nutrition: Ensure a balanced mix of meat, organs, bones, and vegetables.
  • Safety Concerns: Proper handling and sourcing of raw food to avoid bacterial contamination.
  • Consultation with a Vet: Always consult with a veterinarian before starting a raw diet to ensure it meets your Pomeranian’s nutritional needs.

Homemade Diets

Some owners prefer to prepare homemade meals to have complete control over their Pomeranian’s diet. Important factors include:

  • Balanced Recipes: Follow veterinarian-approved recipes to ensure nutritional adequacy.
  • Supplements: Incorporate necessary vitamins and minerals.
  • Time and Effort: Be prepared for the time commitment required to prepare balanced meals regularly.

Commercial Dog Food Brands for Pomeranians

Royal Canin Pomeranian Adult Dry Dog Food

Royal Canin offers breed-specific formulations designed to meet the unique needs of Pomeranians. Features include:

  • Customized Kibble Size: Designed for small mouths.
  • Joint and Bone Support: Contains glucosamine and chondroitin.
  • Skin and Coat Health: Rich in Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids.

Hill’s Science Diet Small Paws

Hill’s Science Diet is known for its scientifically formulated diets. Key benefits for Pomeranians include:

  • Easily Digestible Ingredients: Supports digestive health.
  • Antioxidant Blend: Supports the immune system.
  • No Artificial Colors or Preservatives: High-quality, natural ingredients.

Wellness CORE Grain-Free Small Breed

Wellness CORE offers a grain-free option tailored for small breeds. Notable features are:

  • High Protein Content: Deboned turkey, chicken meal, and turkey meal.
  • Nutrient-Dense Formula: Includes fruits and vegetables for vitamins and minerals.
  • No Fillers: Free from corn, wheat, and soy.

Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Small Breed

Blue Buffalo is known for its natural ingredients and holistic approach. Benefits include:

  • High-Quality Proteins: Deboned chicken as the first ingredient.
  • LifeSource Bits: Blend of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Omega Fatty Acids: Promotes healthy skin and coat.

Special Dietary Considerations

Weight Management

Pomeranians are prone to obesity due to their small size and potential for overfeeding. Weight management foods are designed to provide necessary nutrients without excess calories. Look for:

  • Low-Calorie Formulations: Reduced calorie content to support weight loss or maintenance.
  • High Fiber Content: Promotes satiety and aids in digestion.
  • L-Carnitine: Supports fat metabolism.

Allergies and Sensitivities

Food allergies and sensitivities can cause issues such as itchy skin, digestive upset, and ear infections. Hypoallergenic diets or limited ingredient diets (LID) are suitable for managing these conditions:

  • Novel Proteins: Such as duck, venison, or fish.
  • Limited Ingredients: Reduces the chance of allergic reactions.
  • Grain-Free Options: For dogs with grain sensitivities.

Senior Pomeranians

As Pomeranians age, their dietary needs change. Senior dog foods cater to older dogs with specific formulations:

  • Lower Calories: To prevent weight gain as metabolism slows.
  • Joint Support: Added glucosamine and chondroitin.
  • Enhanced Digestibility: Easier to digest ingredients and added fiber.

Feeding Guidelines and Tips

Portion Control

Proper portion control is crucial to maintaining a healthy weight and preventing obesity. Use the feeding guidelines provided by the food manufacturer as a starting point, and adjust based on your dog’s activity level, age, and weight.

Regular Feeding Schedule

Establish a regular feeding schedule to help with digestion and prevent overeating. Typically, feeding your Pomeranian twice a day—once in the morning and once in the evening—works well.

Monitoring Weight and Health

Regularly monitor your Pomeranian’s weight and overall health. If you notice any changes in weight, appetite, or behavior, consult your veterinarian to adjust their diet as needed.

Transitioning Foods

When switching your Pomeranian to a new food, do so gradually over a week to prevent digestive upset. Start by mixing a small amount of the new food with the old food and gradually increase the new food’s proportion.

Treats and Snacks

While treats can be a useful training tool and a way to bond with your Pomeranian, they should be given in moderation. Opt for healthy, low-calorie treats and account for them in your dog’s daily caloric intake.

See also: Are Australian shepherd medium or large breed?


Choosing the best food for your Pomeranian involves understanding their unique nutritional needs and carefully selecting high-quality, balanced diets that cater to those needs. Whether you opt for commercial dog food, homemade meals, or a raw diet, it is essential to prioritize nutrient-dense ingredients, avoid fillers, and monitor your dog’s health and weight regularly. Always consult with your veterinarian to ensure your Pomeranian’s diet is meeting their specific requirements and to make adjustments as needed throughout their life stages. With the right diet, your Pomeranian can enjoy a healthy, active, and vibrant life.


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